L’Efficacia delle sanzioni EU: un’analisi di Iran, Bielorussia, Siria e Myanmar (Birmania)
Ho scritto con Paul Ivan un report commissionato dalla Lituania, che deteniene la presidenza di turno dell’UE, sull’efficacia delle sanzioni dell’Unione Europea che e’ stato presentato ieri alla presenza del ministro degli esteri Linas Linkevičius. Il report e’ stato preparato in collaborazione con l’European Policy Centre e presentato in una discussione pubblica, moderata da Rosa Balfour, che guida il programma Europa nel Mondo dell’EPC, alla quale hanno partecipato:
– Per Saland, Ambassador, Sanctions Coordinator, Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Sweden
– Daniel Fried, Ambassador, Coordinator for Sanctions Policy, U.S. Department of State
– Antoine Madelin, Director for Intergovernmental Organisations, International Federation for Human Rights.
Ringrazio tutti i partecipanti all’evento. Qua di seguito l’abstract in inglese ed il link alla pagina dell’EPC. Presto l’abstract sara’ in italiano.
The effectiveness of EU sanctions – An analysis of Iran, Belarus, Syria and Myanmar (Burma)
Over the last two decades, the European Union (EU) has increasingly relied on the use of restrictive measures in its external action; however, this has not been accompanied by an attentive evaluation of their effectiveness. In this Issue Paper, Francesco Giumelli and Paul Ivan focus on the case studies of Iran, Belarus, Syria and Myanmar (Burma) and explore ways of understanding the effectiveness of EU restrictive measures by providing a framework for assessment which looks at: the role of sanctions in an overall foreign policy strategy; the purpose and goals of the policy in terms of coercing, constraining and signalling; the impact of sanctions and the costs incurred by the EU; and the sanctions’ comparative utility.
After evaluating the four case studies, the authors argue that restrictive measures positively contribute to shaping the EU’s external relations but that there is a need for a careful evaluation of what sanctions are supposed to achieve in order to build the proper expectations upon which their effectiveness can be judged. In order to improve the monitoring mechanisms of sanctions at the EU level, the authors recommend the creation of an EU panel of experts who would be tasked with monitoring sanctions, a measure which would enhance the evaluation of sanctions and could potentially improve the way in which they are integrated into the EU external action.